An: 2019, Nr.3, Articol Nr. 2
SEX DETERMINATION USING THE DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN ORBITS
G.A. Badiu, E. Tarţa-Arsene, Laura Stroică - „Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Discipline of Anatomy
Al.T. Ispas, Adina Baciu - „Francisc I Rainer” Anthropology Institute of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest
A. Niculae - „Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Discipline of Cellular, Mollecular Biology and Histology
SEX DETERMINATION USING THE DIMENSIONS OF HUMAN ORBITS (Abstract): Aim.The aim of the study is to estimate the degree of sexual differentiation using direct measurements of orbit diameters on dry adult skulls, being representative for the contemporary Romanian population. Material and methods.The study included 83 dried skulls, 43 male and 40 female from the collection Fr.I. Rainer of the „Francis I. Rainer” Anthropology Institute of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest. For each skull, we measured the width, the heigth, the orbital index, the interorbital and biorbital distances.Results. The highest accuracy for sex determination is for the interorbital distance, followed by the biorbital index and the heigth of the left orbit. Conclusions.This study can be very useful for specialists in forensic medicine and anthropology, especially when the human remains examined belonged to individuals from Romanian population.
Key words: ORBIT, HEIGTH, WIDTH, INTERORBITAL DISTANCE, ORBITAL INDEXFull text