An: 2017, Nr.2, Articol Nr. 6
MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRIC DATA ON THE HIP JOINT DEVELOPMENT
R.S. Bododea, Al.G. Lupu, D. Popescu - “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest; FMAM, Department of Fundamental Science, Discipline of Anatomy and Embriology, Bucharest
G. Lupu, V. Pănuş, B.I. Diaconescu, Al.T. Ispas - “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Faculty of Medicine, Discipline of Anatomy
MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRIC DATA ON THE HIP JOINT DEVELOPMENT (Abstract): The hip joint is one of the most intensively studied joints in human, it is very complex, its development involvs three bones in acetabular development and other three osification centers in proximal femural epiphisis development. It is the first of inferior limb joints with distinct morphological catacteristics, and it follows after the uper limb with one week. The first steps of joint development, occurs by not yet known mecanisms, involving cartilage morphogenesis, grows factors, cartilage derived morphogenic proteins (CDMP), bone morphogenic proteins (BMP), hyaluronan. An important described factor is early muscular contraction and movement of the limbs. Morphometric data on the hip joint is used in fetal age calculation and congenital hip disease diagnostic. Available date are from anatomy disection studys, ultrasonography and compared anatomy studys (on cicks). Many indicators like depth and diameter of the acetabulum, the diameter of the femoral head, the ligament of the head dimensions, the neck-shaft aspect, differences between males and females fetuses or between the right and left sides, the femoral angles.
Key words: MORPHOLOGY, MORPHOMETRIC DATA, HIP JOINT, EMBRYOLOGYFull text