Abstract
An: 2021, Nr.2, Articol Nr. 8
Title: 

EFFECTIVE PHACOEMULSIFICATION TIME AND AGE RELATED ENDOTHELIAL ANATOMICAL CHANGES OF THE CORNEA IN CATARACT SURGERY

Authors: 

      Şt. Pricopie, C. Leaşu Braneţ - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest, Doctoral School
      R. Ciuluvică - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy
      A. Tulin - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy; “Prof. Dr. Agrippa Ionescu” Clinical Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania, Department of General Surgery
      D. Ionescu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Semiology; Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Romania, Department of Nephrology
      EFFECTIVE PHACOEMULSIFICATION TIME AND AGE RELATED ENDOTHELIAL ANATOMICAL CHANGES OF THE CORNEA IN CATARACT SURGERY (Abstract): The loss of corneal endothelial cells that occurs intraoperative, in phacoemulsification cataract surgery technique, can lead to pseudofakic bullous keratopathy, which is one of the significant causes of visual loss and corneal transplant. In Ophthalmology Department at “Emergency University Hospital of Bucharest”, we performed a prospective study on 70 patients that underwent this type of surgery, in order to develop better knowledge of the changes, related to EPT and age of the patient, in endothelial cell density after the intervention and compare it to different studies in the literature. Higher EPT values have a big impact of the endothelial cell loss, which is consistent to other similar studies. Although age is considered a risk factor in several studies in the literature, in our study it did not influence the endothelial cell loss. Our argument is that knowing which factors conclude to intraoperative higher loss of endothelial cells will improve the techniques used in the surgical intervention and subsequently the rate of complications.
Key words: ENDOTHELIAL CELL DENSITY, CATARACT SURGERY, ANATOMIC RISK FACTORS
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