Abstract
An: 2018, Nr.4, Articol Nr. 3
Title: 

SOME KEY POINTS IN SURGICAL ANATOMY OF THE ORBIT

Authors: 

      I. Dumitru, R.C.Datu, Al.T. Ispas - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest
      SOME KEY POINTS IN SURGICAL ANATOMY OF THE ORBIT (Abstract): The surgery of the orbit is a very complicated and challenging procedure because of its dimensions and the number of anatomical structures which pass through it (muscles, vessels, cranial nerves. A throughout knowledge of the orbital anatomy is mandatory for a successful intervention, without iatrogenic lesions or postsurgical complications. The most important component of the medial wall is the ethmoid bone. Removal of some ethmoidal air cells during a medial orbital incision, offers access to the optic canal. Because of the narrow space and the number of the elements which pass through it, event minor craniofacial trauma may cause neurological leasions in the orbital canal and superior orbital fissure (orbital apex syndrome). The anterior and posterior ethmoidal foramina help dividing the floor of anterior cranial fossa into three parts – frontal, cribriform and planum and dividing the orbit into apical, retrobulbar and bulbar parts. These anatomical details are very useful during surgery of the anterior cranial fossa and endonasal approach of the orbit.
Key words: ORBIT, SURGERY, ANATOMY, WALL, ETHMOID
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