Abstract
An: 2014, Nr.1, Articol Nr. 12
Title: 

AGE ESTIMATION OF ROMANIAN CHILDREN BY MEASUREMENT OF OPEN DENTAL APICES

Authors: 

      Carmen Simona Ionescu, Irina Streba - Medico Legal Institute, Iasi, Romania
      M. Yasar Iscan - University of Istanbul, Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey, Institute of Forensic Sciences
      Simona Irina Damian, Beatrice Ioan - University of Medicine and Pharmacology “Gr.T. Popa” Iasi, Romania, Forensic Department
      Irina Zetu - University of Medicine and Pharmacology “Gr.T. Popa” Iasi, Romania, Ortodontical Department
      AGE ESTIMATION OF ROMANIAN CHILDREN BY MEASUREMENT OF OPEN DENTAL APICES (Abstract): Age estimation of children is an important aspect of forensic identification of the living. There are numerous studies and techniques on this subject carried out by anthropologists and dental scientists around the world. Most of the earlier ones made use of dental emergency and its association with the chronological age. Later growth studies suggested that maturation also depends on the development of dental roots. A correlation between age and the open apices in teeth has been recently revealed. The purpose of the paper is to test the new technique developed by Cameriere and coworkers. The study was conducted on 60 male and 60 female panoramic radiographs from children with an age range of 5 to 15 years, in good dental health. Ages were recorded in decimals of a year rather than in the year and month format. The sample was divided into 5 10.99 years (Group 1) and 11.00 – 15.00 years (Group 2). Each group was analyzed by paired sample t test comparing the real age with the estimated age. Results indicate that the age difference in Group 1 is not statistically significant. In Group 2, the real age is found to be about a year older than the estimated age in both males and females, suggesting that the apex method underestimates the age in older male and female children (t=6.31, t= 3,87, respectively, both significant if p<.05). In conclusion, the apex technique is applicable to Romanian children of young age. For older children, forensic experts should bear in mind that those older than 11 years could be estimated by about a year younger. This could be accounted for by a wider population specific variation in Romania.
Key words: AGE ESTIMATION, DENTAL APEX, PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPH, ROMANIAN CHILDREN
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