Abstract
An: 2013, Nr.1, Articol Nr. 3
Title: 

ANATOMICAL VARIANTS OF THE AORTIC ARCH, AND ITS BRANCHES

Authors: 

      M. Gorun, C. Mihalache, Manuela Mihalache - “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, “Victor Papilian” Faculty of Medicine, Preclinical Department
      ANATOMICAL VARIANTS OF THE AORTIC ARCH AND ITS BRANCHES (Abstract): The branches of the aortic arch, according to the classic anatomical description are represented by the brachiocephalic trunk (BCT) being the largest of the vessels, left common carotid artery (LCC) and left subclavian artery (LS). The origin of the LCC artery is more to the left, close to the origin of the LS. However this configuration is only present in 80% of the cases, variations in the disposition of the 3 “classic” branches or the number of arteries arising from the arch can occur. The aortic arch and the branches that arise from it are subject to numerous variations; depending on the type of anatomical variation there can be no detrimental effects present for the subject, or hemodynamic consequences can appear due to a vicious formation. There are many authors treating this subject and numerous anomalies and variation in the disposition of the branches from the aortic arch are reported at different rates of incidence. In the past, a key role in uncovering anatomical anomalies and variants was through dissection, but nowadays these discoveries are made during complementary medical examinations. This paper presents the anatomical variants encountered during a study of 81 aortic arches from fresh specimens.
Key words: AORTIC ARCH, VARIANT, BRANCHES OF THE AORTIC ARCH
archive
Current edition
2021
Previous editions