Abstract
An: 2018, Nr.2, Articol Nr. 16
Title: 

THE RELATION BETWEEN THE CALCANEAL INCLINATION ANGLE AND THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF FLAT FEET

Authors: 

      Al.G. Lupu, R.S. Bododea - Department of Fundamental Science, Discipline of Anatomy and Embriology, Bucharest, FMAM
      Laura Stroică, B.M. Cristea, G. Lupu, Al.T. Ispas - “Carol Davila”University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Anatomy Department
      THE RELATION BETWEEN THE CALCANEAL INCLINATION ANGLE AND THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF FLAT FEET (Abstract): Introduction. The symptomatic ftat foot is produced by an abnormal medial column overloading, which leads to lesions of tendons and ligaments and lately to bone deformity. Because the debut can be insidious and the symptoms are not always correlated with the severity of the disease, is important for a radiologist or orthopedist to be able to recognize, using anatomical and morphometrical knowledge of the foot, of the early signs of flat foot. Objectives. The aim of the study vas assess if the calcaneal inclination angle can be used for early diagnosis of flat feet. Materials and methods. We included in this retrospective study 50 patients with flat feet and 50 subjects without any pathology of the foot. The measurement were taken on lateral incidence x-ray images. Results. The values of the calcaneal inclination angle of normal subjects were significantly higher than for the patients with flat feet (20,03 ± 4.45 versus 14.49±1.77 degrees). Conclusions. Knowledge of the morphology of the foot is very important to understand mobility at this level and pathological changes which may occur both in terms of anatomical and biomechanical. The results of this study can be used by orthopedic specialists for early detection of changes which may lead to flat foot, especially if we take into account that they can be appied to present Romanian population.
Key words: FLAT FOOT, CALCANEAL INCLINATION ANGLE, FOOT MORPHOLOGY
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