Abstract
An: 2018, Nr.2, Articol Nr. 10
Title: 

CONGENITAL LUNG ANOMALIES: SHORT REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND ONE CASE REPORT

Authors: 

      Ramona Mircea-Vicol - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila”, Bucharest; National Institute for Mother and Child Care „Alessandrescu Rusescu”, Bucharest; Fetal Care Center, Bucharest
      Sidonia Maria Săndulescu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova
      Cristina Claudia Tărniceriu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Gr.T. Popa”, Iasi
      Adela Şerban - National Institute for Mother and Child Care „Alessandrescu Rusescu”, Bucharest; Fetal Care Center, Bucharest
      CONGENITAL LUNG ANOMALIES: SHORT REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND ONE CASE REPORT (Abstract): Lung development can be divided into five periods of time with different anatomical and functional changes. Fetal lung development incorporates a combination of two processes: lung growth and lung maturation, related but separatelly controlled. A normal amount of amniotic fluid is important for the fetal lung growth. Congenital lung malformations are a heterogeneous group of anomalies that involve the lungs and tracheobronchial tree, vascular abnormalities or frequently both entities (pulmonary sequestration, pulmonary maldevelopment and scimitar syndrome). Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) is a very rare anomaly of development, encountered in 1,1-1,8% of all pulmonary resections. BPS represents masses of nonfunctioning lung tissue, without connection with the normal tracheobronchal tree and are supplied by an anomalous systemic artery. Extralobar BPS consists of a discrete accessory lobe of the lung covered by its own pleura. Both types are usually found in the thorax and on the left side in 65-90% of cases.
Key words: EXTRALOBAR PULMONARY SEQUESTRATION, ULTRASONOGRAPHY, MRI, ANTENATAL DIAGNOSIS
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