An: 2012, Nr.3, Articol Nr. 23
THE USE OF OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IN EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION
Raluca Dănulescu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa” Iaşi, Faculty of Medicine, Ph. D. Student
D. Costin - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa” Iaşi, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology
THE USE OF OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IN EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (Abstract): Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible blindness in the elderly population, affecting approximately 30-50 million people. The aim of this study is to highlight the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in early diagnosis of patients with AMD. Material and methods: This is an observational study that included 19 patients with AMD. They followed a complete clinical examination that included anterior pole biomicroscopy, posterior pole examination with Volk 78 D lens and optic coherence tomography (OCT) examination. Results: Comparing the mean retinal thickness depending on the severity of diagnosis, we showed that this is significantly higher in the group of patients with severe, neovascular form than in those with moderate, atrophic form. Evaluation of retinal nerve fiber layer showed a statistically significant decrease when compared with normal values. Conclusions: These data support the role of OCT in early diagnosis of macular degenerative lesions.
Key words: AMD, OCT, RETINAL THICKNESS