An: 2012, Nr.3, Articol Nr. 22
CLINICO STATISTICAL STUDY ON PROXIMAL FEMORAL EPIPHYSIS FRACTURES
C. A. Miu, Adelina Maria Jianu, Loredana Gabriela Stana, Alina Maria Şişu, I. A. Cosmin, A. Motoc - “Victor Babeş” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, First Department of Anatomy Embryology
CLINICO STATISTICAL STUDY ON PROXIMAL FEMORAL EPIPHYSIS FRACTURES (Abstract): The fractures of the proximal extremity of the femur affect a significant number of the patients involved in locomotor pathology. Besides the post traumatic fractures that may occur at any age, the fractures of elderly people, which are quite common, represent a major challenge both for the patient and for the public healthcare system. The therapeutic approach of the two entities of the two types of fractures, namely fractures of the femoral neck and fractures of the greater trochanter, called for a different approach of the etiology, the underlying mechanism, and predisposing factors of these types of fractures. A study of the risk factors, the anthropometric factors, of the co morbidity of the patients with fractures of the femoral neck vs. patients with fractures of the greater trochanter showed that the patients with fractures of the greater trochanter are older, weigh less, have a greater degree of osteoporosis and a worse biological condition. The decisive factor that influences the type of fracture seems to be the loss of bone mass, thus osteoporosis.
Key words: FRACTURES OF THE GREATER TROCHANTER, FRACTURES OF THE FEMORAL NECK, RISK FACTORS, ANTHROPOMETRIC FACTORS, OSTEOPOROSIS, CO MORBIDITY