Abstract
An: 2021, Nr.2, Articol Nr. 7
Title: 

NUTCRACKER SYNDROME AN ANATOMIC VARIANT

Authors: 

      Ileana Adela Văcăroiu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nephrology; “St. John” Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania, Department of Nephrology and Dialysis
      D. Dragoş, Iuliana Ghenu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Semiology, Discipline of Internal Medicine I and Nephrology; Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Romania, Department of Internal Medicine I
      Maria Daniela Tănăsescu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Semiology, Discipline of Internal Medicine I and Nephrology; Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Romania, Department of Nephrology
      A. Tulin - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy; “Prof. Dr. Agrippa Ionescu” Clinical Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania, Department of General Surgery
      O. Ştiru - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery; “Prof. Dr. C. C. Iliescu” Emergency Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Bucharest, Romania, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
      Andrada Mihai - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Disease; “N. C. Paulescu” Institute of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, Bucharest, Department II of Diabetes
      Andra Elena Balcangiu Stroescu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Discipline of Physiology; Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Romania, Department of Dialysis
      Delia Timofte - Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Romania, Department of Dialysis
      D. Ionescu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Semiology; Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Romania, Department of Nephrology
      NUTCRACKER SYNDROME AN ANATOMIC VARIANT (Abstract): Hematuria is one of the most common presenting complaints in patients referred to a nephrologist. The causes of hematuria include kidney parenchymal diseases (hereditary or acquired glomerular diseases, hereditary or acquired tubulointerstitial diseases, vascular nephropathies), various other disorders of the urinary tract (infections, stones, foreign bodies, obstructive nephropathies, hemorrhagic cystitis, kidney tuberculosis, prostatitis) and bleeding disorders (central and peripheral thrombocytopenia, hemophilia, anticoagulant treatment). Hematuria was described as a side effect of both non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and statin treatment. The cause of hematuria may also be a vascular disorder, such as renal artery aneurysm, fibromuscular dysplasia, nutcracker syndrome, arteriovenous malformations, vasculitides, renal artery or vein thrombosis.
Key words: HEMATURIA, NUTCRACKER SYNDROME, ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS
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