Abstract
An: 2020, Nr.4, Articol Nr. 4
Title: 

HYDRONEPHROSIS-COMPLICATION OF OBSTRUCTIVE UROPATHIES

Authors: 

      Camelia Husti - Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Oradea, Physiology Department; Clinical Municipal Hospital “Dr. G. Curteanu”, Oradea, Department of Nephrology
      C. Buzlea - Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Oradea, Anatomy Department; Clinical Municipal Hospital “Dr. G. Curteanu”, Oradea, Department of Internal Medicine
      T. Maghiar - Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Oradea, Anatomy Department; Clinical Hospital “Pelican”, Oradea, Department of Urology
      C. Toma - Clinical Municipal Hospital “Dr. G. Curteanu”, Oradea, Department of Nephrology; Clinical Municipal Hospital “Dr. G. Curteanu”, Oradea, Department of Internal Medicine
      F. Bodog - Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Oradea, Plastic Surgery Department
      HYDRONEPHROSIS-COMPLICATION OF OBSTRUCTIVE UROPATHIES (Abstract): Hydronephrosis is known to be the most common complication of obstructive urophaties in renal patients.Meanwhile, the annual incidence for pyonephrosis in patients with obstructive urophaties of 10-15%, hydronephrosis being the main cause,followed by bacteriuria and urinary tract infection. The most commonly recorded cause of hydronephrosis in patients with obstructive urophaties is stenosis of the pieloureteral junction, but atresia of the pieloureteral junction ,arteriovenous malformations and high implantation of the ureter are also described. Abbreviations: GFR- glomerular filtration rate, ANP- atrial natriuretic peptide, BUO- bilateral ureteral obstruction, UUO- unilateral ureteral obstruction, PGE2- prostaglandin E2, NO- nitrous oxide, AGE- angiotensin-converting enzyme.
Key words: HYDRONEPHROSIS, UNILATERAL URETERAL OBSTRUCTION, BILATERAL URETERAL OBSTRUCTION, URETER, URETHRA
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