Abstract
An: 2020, Nr.1, Articol Nr. 4
Title: 

ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF PERIORBITAL FORAMINA

Authors: 

      Daniela Elena Gheoca Mutu, Ruxandra Coroleucă - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest, „Carol Davila” Doctoral School
      F.M. Filipoiu - University of Medicine and Pharmacy „Carol Davila” Bucharest, Discipline of Anatomy
      ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF PERIORBITAL FORAMINA (Abstract): The importance of good knowledge of the periorbital foramina and its anatomical location is essential in avoiding injuries of the neurovascular bundles that pass through, when performing local anesthesia or periorbital surgical procedures, as well as accomplish an efficient local anesthesia. We performed a study in which we first identified the periorbital foramina and anatomical variants; we also made measurements between the anatomical landmarks of the skull that are reproducible in clinical practice in order to facilitate the avoidance of complications during periorbital surgery. The study was conducted by observing 21 adult dry human skulls (42 orbits), identification of the supraorbital foramen, infraorbital foramen, zygomaticofacial and zygomaticotemporal foramina and their anatomical variants, as well as their relationship with different anatomical landmarks. For this purpose, six different distances were measured. A thorough knowledge of the anatomy and anatomical variants of the periorbital foramina and the different measurements between the periorbital foramina and different anatomical landmarks offered by this study can facilitate prediction of the locations of these foramina.
Key words: PERIORBITAL FORAMINA, ANATOMIC VARIATIONS, PERIORBITAL MEASUREMENTS
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